Diseases Handling and Prevention in A Journey

Friday, October 24, 2014

Diseases Handling and Prevention in A Journey

There are many journey risks on our body while a long away from the home of centre of city where all provition are available easily.  We have to provide sufficent provision for all possible happen. Below are imformation from the medical sources I purposely resume in this blog.
Travel Diseases and Their Prevention Common diseases that often occur when doing adventure activities, including:
Mountain Sickness (Disease Mount). The main cause is a decrease in oxygen levels in the blood because it is a certain altitude. Factors that could be the cause is lack of acclimatization (adjusting process two different environmental conditions), the aclinatization is needed as care in journey. And the movement reached a certain height is too fast.

The symptoms of mountain sickness include:
- Dizziness.
- Shortness of breath.
- No appetite.
- Nausea sometimes vomiting.
- Body feels weak, lethargic, lazy.
- The heart beats faster.
- Patients with difficulty sleeping.
- Pale face, nails and lips look bluish.
These health condition need certain handling:

- Rest sufficient, in general, these symptoms will disappear by itself after resting for 24 s / d 48 hours.
- If the condition does not improve lower-patient of that height, about 500 s / d 600 meters.

Hypotermia is a condition where the condition of the body can not produce heat accompanied by the decrease in core body temperature below 35 ° C. This is due to several factors, including:
- Extreme temperatures.
- Clothing that is not quite so wearing wet clothes.
- Lack of high-calorie foods.
Symptoms of hypothermia include:
- Chills.
- Cold, pale, dry skin.
- Confused, attitudes unreasonable, lethargic, sometimes want to fight.
- Fall of consciousness.
- Breathe slowly and short.
- The pulse is slow and weak.
Diseases Handling:
- Find protection from cold environmental conditions (eg build a tent).
- Remove all wet clothing.
- Cover the victim with a blanket or sleeping bag dry. Or if there are safety blangket diseliputi with aluminum.
- Lay the victim and avoid direct contact with the ground.
- Do not let the patient fall asleep resulting in lost consciousness.
- Give people food / drinks hot and contain carbohydrate. Do not give air-alcoholic beverages.
- Evacuation to a hospital immediately if conditions do not improve..